Nunavut’s Culture and Heritage: A Brief Overview
Nunavut culture and heritage: Nunavut is Canada’s newest and most northwestern territory, officially separated from the Northwest Territories in 1999. It covers an area of about two million square kilometers of country, three times the size of Texas, but has population less than 100,000 . The Inuit make up over 85% of the population and have lived in the area for thousands of years. The capital, Iqaluit (formerly Frobisher Bay), has been in existence since 1957 and was built as a fishing port.
The Inuit people of Nunavut
The history of the Inuit people dates back thousands of years. They developed their culture and beliefs long before Europeans began to explore Canada.
The land, animals and environment of Nunavut
Nunavut is Canada’s largest, least populated, and newest territory. It covers an area of 586,000 square kilometers in the Canadian Arctic. The land is made up of a mixture of tundra, fjords, glaciers, lakes, rivers and mountains. Nunavut is home to many animals including caribou (reindeer), polar bears, wolves, arctic foxes (red fox), snow geese (Canada geese), ptarmigan (partridges) and walrus. The landscape includes permafrost (permanent ice) on frozen ground covering more than 90% of the landscape.
The traditional way of life in Nunavut
Nunavut has been inhabited for over 4,000 years. It is home to a variety of wildlife, including caribou, seals, beluga whales, polar bears, and Arctic foxes. The Inuit people have lived in this area for thousands of years. They were tracking their food sources through long winters without running water or electricity.
The modern day Nunavut
Nunavut, which means “Our Land” in Inuktitut, is an Arctic province in Canada. This new territory was established on April 1, 1999 when the Government of Canada removed it from the Northwest Territories. Nunavut covers one-fifth of Canada’s land area and three times the size of France or Texas. Today Nunavut is home to about 34,000 people who speak twenty-two languages. About 85% of these people are Inuit and an additional fifth are North American Indian or Metis while less than one-tenth are non-indigenous immigrants.
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